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Brain Injury Help Line: 1-800-242-0030


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Kristin Olliney and Isabella

"She’s come really far … but she has a long journey ahead of her, but we’ll take that together, too."

In 2010, Kristin Olliney and her daughter Isabella's lives were changed forever when Isabella came down with sudden acute encephalitis, which caused brain damage. Despite the number of challenges they face every day, Isabella and her mother face them head on and work on her rehabilitation every day.

Click here to read Kristin's & Isabella's and other stories.

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Brain Injury Facts

brainSigns and symptoms of Brain Injury may include:

-Fatigue

-Memory problems

-Trouble problem solving

-Difficulty finding words

-Difficulty making decisions

-Irritability

-Inability to concentrate

-Personality changes

-Trouble organizing thoughts

-Easily confused

Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) refers to a wide range of disorders and diseases affecting the brain.  An ABI is an injury to the brain that can occur at any age and is not hereditary, congenital or degenerative.  There are many causes of ABIs including:
· Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
· Strokes or aneurysms
· Brain tumors, intracranial tumors, intracranial surgery
· Toxin exposures (excessive drug and alcohol abuse)
· Infections
· Metabolic disorders (diabetic coma)
· Anoxia (lack of oxygen to the brain)

Traumatic brain injury (TBI), an externally caused ABI, is the leading cause of ABIs.  A TBI is an injury to the head caused by an external physical force. Most traumatic brain injuries are caused by accidents or assaults to the skull that are sufficiently hard to cause the brain to move within the skull or to cause the skull to break and directly injure the brain.

TBI may produce a diminished or altered state of consciousness and an impairment of cognitive abilities or physical functioning. It may also result in the disturbance of behavioral or emotional functioning. The damage can be focal, confined to one area of the brain, or diffuse, involving more than one area of the brain. There are many causes of TBIs including falls, motor vehicle crashes, sports and recreational accidents, domestic violence and assaults, shaken baby syndrome. 

Causes of TBI include:
- Domestic violence and assaults
- Falls
- Motor vehicle crashes
- Shaken baby syndrome
- Sports and recreational accidents

Brain Anatomy

brain anatomy

The Massachusetts Executive Office of Health and Human Services released a Special Emphasis Report on Traumatic Brain Injury in 2010 which holds the most recent statistics on traumatic brain injury in the Commonwealth. Click here to view this report.

For more information and resources, contact the I&R Department at 1-800-242-0030 or 1-508-475-0032 or email info@biama.org.